Etymologie, Etimología, Étymologie, Etimologia, Etymology
US Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika, Estados Unidos de América, États-Unis d'Amérique, Stati Uniti d'America, United States of America
Psychologie, Psicología, Psychologie, Psicologia, Psychology










ICU psychosis






Millers Magische Zahl (W2)


(158 Seiten!)

"Millers Magische Zahl" ist die Zahl "7".

1956 veröffentlichte dann ein Herr Miller seinen berühmten Artikel mit dem Titel "The Magical Number 7, Plus or Minus Two: Some Limits on Our Capacity for Processing Information" Psychological Review, 1956, Band 63, Seite 81-97.
Sein Fazit: Die Gedächtnisspanne hat einen Umfang von 7 plus/minus 2 "Chunks".
Was ein "Chunk" ist? Das kann man am besten anhand eines Beispiels demonstrieren. Nehmen wir an, wir lesen unseren Versuchspersonen noch einmal einzelne Buchstabenreihen mit variierender Länge vor, also z.B.

Es gibt allerdings auch eine Aussage, dass es sich um die Zahl "5" handeln soll.


Nanostalgia (W3)

Als Maßangabe steht "nano" für "10**-9". Bei der engl. "Nanostalgia" handelt es sich um eine ein Milliardstel (Sekunde, Minute, ...?) zurückliegende Zeitspanne. Engl. "Nanostalgia" setzt sich zusammen aus griech. "nãnos" = dt. "Zwerg" und lat. "nostalgia" = dt. "Sehnsucht", ("Heimweh"), gebildet aus griech. "nóstos" = "Rückkehr" und griech. "álgos" = "Schmerz". Die Prägung dieses Neologismus wird Jim Taylor und Watts Wacker zugeschrieben, in deren 1997 erschienenem Buch "The 500-Year Delta: What Happens After What Comes Next", "Nanostalgia" definiert wird.

Taylor, Jim (Autor) / Wacker, Watts (Autor)
The 500 Year Delta: What Happens After What Comes Next
Taschenbuch: 320 Seiten
Verlag: Harper Paperbacks; Auflage: Reprint (3. Juni 1998)
Sprache: Englisch

Help! Just when we thought we mastered the lingo of Faith Popcorn and of John Naisbitt's crew, here comes a new futurist team, with new mind-sets, new paradigms, and, worse yet, new vocabulary. Change, of course, is their major thesis; coping with it involves a whole new set of directions and attitudes. Much of this sounds like typical "SRI" (the former "Stanford Research Institute") behavior: talk to and watch bunches of people and organizations, sort and group, then develop a typology or two to explain the changes. In the coming age of chaos, they claim, three new principles come into play: reason leads to intuition; organization leads to a free-flowing state; and economics becomes irrational. Ethics in this new, fractured world will be centered on permanent flexibility, privacy, connectivity, and authenticity. Both Taylor and Wacker are media savvy enough to include examples from every walk of life today as proof (with, occasionally, a bit too much emphasis on Gateway 2000, Taylor's employer), and the writing is engaging, even compelling in sections. But at the end, as with other forecasters, one is simply tempted to yawn and say, "What else is new?" But expect high readership demand.
Barbara Jacobs


Erstellt: 2010-11


Open Book (W3)

Die Redewendung engl. "Open Book", dt. "Offenes Buch" deutet auf etwas, das ohne weiteres ersichtlich ist, das lesbar ist wie ein "offenes Buch".

Open Book: Lesezeichen: 🔖


open book management (OBM)


The Open Book Exam Overview

Unlike a typical exam which assesses a candidate's ability to memorise facts and figures, The Open Book Exam assesses a candidate's ability to understand, analyse and apply existing knowledge to new situations. It requires the ability to find connections and relationships between seemingly disparate sets of data; evaluating and synthesising this data to identify answers.


My Heart Is An Open Book - by Carl Dobkins, Jr.


Open book


English in a Minute: Open Book
Published 03/28/2015
Does this phrase to do with reading? Probably not, so let's find out what it means.

(E1)(L1) Book
Abfrage im Google-Corpus mit 15Mio. eingescannter Bücher von 1500 bis heute.

Engl. "Open Book" taucht in der Literatur um das Jahr 1810 auf.

Erstellt: 2015-03


Psychology (W3)





sccu - AmoebaWeb Psychology on the Web!

AmoebaWeb is maintained by Douglas Degelman, Ph.D. Professor of Psychology at Vanguard University of Southern California.
viele intelligente Links





Wason Selection Task (W3)

Engl. "Wason selection task" ist benannt nach dem Psychologen, der das Phänomen zuerst untersuchte.


Our brains are specially designed to deal with cheating in social exchanges. The evolutionary psychology explanation is that we evolved brain heuristics for the social problems that our prehistoric ancestors had to deal with. Once humans became good at cheating, they then had to become good at detecting cheating - otherwise, the social group would fall apart.

Perhaps the most vivid demonstration of this can be seen with variations on what's known as the "Wason selection task", named after the psychologist who first studied it. Back in the 1960s, it was a test of logical reasoning; today, its used more as a demonstration of evolutionary psychology. But before we get to the experiment, let's get into the mathematical background.

(E1)(L1) Selection Task
Abfrage im Google-Corpus mit 15Mio. eingescannter Bücher von 1500 bis heute.

Engl. "Wason Selection Task" taucht in der Literatur um das Jahr 1980 auf.

Erstellt: 2011-04


Wichita State University: Psychology