afternoon tea (W3)Die spezielle "Teatime um 17:00" heißt wohl engl. "afternoon tea", dt. "Nachmittagstee", anscheinend auch "Low Tea" genannt. Die Bezeichnung "five o'clock tea", "Fünf-Uhr-Tee", scheint nicht in englischen Teekannen gebraut worden zu sein.
The surprisingly subversive history of dancing over "afternoon tea".
Yet as "afternoon tea" evolved into an important social occasion in the late 19th century, tea dances popularity followed. Tea dances especially enjoyed novelty status in the 1910s, when tango and "tango teas" became a sensation in England. Tea and food were increasingly an afterthought. To parents alarm, the focus was on dancing. In response, promoters dodging allegations of debauchery including concerns that proper young ladies would fall for the charms of gigolos emphasized elegance. The famous dancer Irene Castle even cautioned dancers against getting too close.
Café on the Green
Durham University, Durham, England
Take afternoon tea in a 17th-century almshouse.
Platinum Jubilee Afternoon Tea Party
On Friday 3rd June we held a celebratory Platinum Jubilee Afternoon Tea Party for 100 ticket holders. Here are just a few of the photos from that exceptional event.
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"It is impossible to pinpoint exactly when tea was first served as an afternoon event that took place between midday luncheon and evening dinner. Routines varied greatly between city and country, between classes, and depending on each individual day's activities. But there is no doubt that some time in the late 1830s and early 1840s, the taking of tea in the afternoon developed into a new social event.
Jane Austen hits at is as early as 1804 in an unfinished novel about a family called the Watsons... The accepted tea legend always attributes the 'invention' of "afternoon tea" to Anna Maria, wife of the 7th Duke of Bedford, who wrote to her brother-in-law in a letter sent from Windsor Castle in 1841: 'I forgot to name my old friend Prince Esterhazy who drank tea with me the other evening at 5 o'clock... The Duchess is said to have experienced 'a sinking feeling' in the middle of the afternoon, because of the long gap between luncheon and dinner and so asked her maid to bring her all the necessary tea things and something to eat - probably traditional bread and butter - to her private room in order that she might stave off her hunger pangs...
Georgiana Sitwell wrote quite categorically of the 1830s, 'There was no gathering for five o'clock "afternoon tea" in those days, but most ladies to an hour's rest in their rooms before the six or seven o'clock dinner...
It was not till about 1849 or 50... that "five o'clock tea" in the drawing room was made an institution, and then only in a few fashionable houses where the dinner hour was as late as half past seven or eight o'clock.'...
"Manners of Modern Society", written in 1872, described the way in which "afternoon tea" had gradually become an established event. 'Little Teas', it explained, 'take place in the afternoon' and were so-called because of the small amount of food served and the neatness and elegance of the meal. They were also known as 'Low Teas', because guests were seated in low armchairs with low side-tables on which to place their cups and saucers, 'Handed Teas', since the hostess handed round the cups, and 'Kettledrums', presumably because the kettle was a vital piece of equipment involved in the ceremony. The book continued, 'Now that dinners are so late, and that 'teas proper'... are postponed in consequence to such an unnatural hour as ten p.m.; the want is felt of the old-fashioned meal at five, and so it has been reinstated, though not quite in the same form as before.
Diaries, journals and memoirs from the second half of the century are full of tea ... By the end of the century, "afternoon tea" had crossed all class barriers...'the table was laid ... there were the best things with a fat pink rose on the side of each cup; hearts of lettuce, thin bread and butter, and the crisp little cakes that had been baked in readiness that morning.".'"
"A Social History of Tea", Jane Pettigrew [The National Trust:London] 2001 (p. 102-105) "The growth of business and businesslike habits, steadily justifying the ladies and pressing the dinner-hour farther round the clock, was not well received by the stomach. English internal engines, designed for refueling every four and a half hours, begin to labor when asked to run for six hours at a stretch. Once again wives and mothers took the situation in hand and found the remedy. They invented "Afternoon Tea"... The English, or at least the London, public was first offered tea in 1657, being advised to drink it for medicinal reasons rather than for pleasure... In private, as well as in the public and popular Tea Gardens, millions of people had drunk tea without inventing "afternoon tea". The credit for this innovation has been given to a Duchess of Bedford, and it is true that she seems to have discerned new possibilities in the tea parties held... after dinner; she gave her tea parties earlier and less formally, al fresco. But as an institution in the home, as an occasion not for dressing up and shining but rather for being dull and comfortable by one's own fire, "afternoon tea" had to wait until... successive Chancellors made it practicable and the domestic time-table made it desirable. It was, at first, an affair of the nursery rather than the boudoir, the good mothers' escape from the dilemma of either sending the children straight to be on top of one of Mrs. Beeton's family dinners, or keeping them up past their proper bedtime. "Afternoon tea" provided a meal suitable for children and hour and a half for its digestion."
... Moveable Feasts, Arnold Palmer [Oxford University Press:London] 1952 (p. 97-101)
65. Sip Afternoon Tea in the Treetops
A treetop treat in the jungle on the Thai island of Koh Kood that gives "high tea" a whole new meaning. Guests are suspended 15ft above the ground on Koh Koodi land in a giant man-made replica of a birds nest.
You can have tea without tea! Furthermore, I have been told that many Leftpondians understand "high tea" to mean "olde Englishe posh afternoon tea à la Downton Abbey", and that overpriced hotels and tea shops courting the tourist trade accordingly advertise their afternoon teas as "high tea". Absolutely true, and that was how I had understood it.
afternoon tea (places)
Afternoon Tea at Lyme
Book afternoon tea at Charlecote Park
Afternoon Tea at Waddesdon
Top places for afternoon tea
This Mother's Day, why not show your mum how special she is by treating her to "afternoon tea" at one of our tea-rooms or cafés? Spend some quality time together whilst enjoying delicate sandwiches, homemade cakes and a delicious cup of tea. And with every treat you buy, you're helping us to look after special places for everyone to enjoy.
"Tea and turn-out": "a light meal after which one was expected to leave the table". In this phrase, "turn-out" means "leave". The old-fashioned people were reluctant to reconcile themselves to the "afternoon tea", a habit that replaced a more substantial meal, and the phrase contained a note of disapproval. Such was the commentary in 1911. The OED found this phrase as early as 1806!
Britische Teekultur: der "Afternoon Tea"
Die "Teatime", also der "Nachmittagstee", ist eine gesellschaftliche Institution, die sich in allen Gesellschaftsschichten Englands seit 1850 fest etabliert hat. Statt ein größeres Mittagessen einzunehmen, trifft man sich am späteren Nachmittag und macht es sich bei einer guten Tasse Tee und einigen herzhaften oder auch süßen Leckereien gemütlich. Traditionell werden englisches Teegebäck und kleine Sandwiches auf einer Etagere serviert: Unten sind die herzhafte Snacks oder Shortbread, die Mitte ist neutral besetzt mit Scones, und ganz oben findet sich dann das süße Gebäck: kleine Kuchen, knusprige Kekse oder leckere Muffins. Bei der klassischen "Tea Time", dem "Cream Tea" werden zu den typischen Scones noch Marmelade und Clotted Cream serviert. Sowohl beim Tee, der natürlich nicht mit Teebeutel sondern losem Tee getrunken wird, als auch bei den süßen Brötchen gibt es zwei Arten auf die der Brite die "Tea Time" genießt. Es gibt Anhänger der beiden Prinzipien "Milk-" oder "Tea-in-First". Früher diente das "Milk-in-First" dem Schutz der zerbrechlichen Porzellantassen. Heute ist das nicht mehr nötig. Dennoch ist der Streit in Großbritannien bis heute nicht beigelegt. Streitfragen gibt es auch zwischen den Grafschaften Devon und Cornwall. Hier geht es um die Reihenfolge beim Bestreichen der Scones mit Clotted Cream und Erdbeermarmelade. In Devonshire werden Scones zuerst mit der Creme und dann mit der Marmelade bestrichen, in Cornwall umgekehrt. Wir finden beide Arten lecker und genießen den "British Tea" ohne uns Gedanken über die Reihenfolge zu machen.
DIE BRITISCHE TEATIME UND IHRE GESCHICHTE
Der typische "Afternoon Tea" findet zwischen drei und fünf Uhr am Nachmittag statt, deshalb wird er auch "Five-o-Clock-Tea" genannt. Die Tradition des "Afternoon Tea" geht ebenfalls auf eine Frau zurück: Lady Bedford, Hofdame von Königin Victoria, gilt als seine Erfinderin.
Lady Bedford fühlte sich am späteren Nachmittag häufig etwas unwohl. Zu ihrer Zeit pflegte man mittags nur ein leichtes Mahl einzunehmen, das Abendessen wurde aber erst nach sieben Uhr abends serviert. Zur Stärkung ließ sich Lady Bedford daher nachmittags eine Tasse Tee und einen kleinen Imbiss bringen. Ihren Gästen servierte sie diese Zwischenmahlzeiten im Salon. Dies stieß auf so viel Gegenliebe, dass Lady Bedfords "Afternoon Tea" bald ein beliebtes Event des britischen Adels wurde.
"Shortbread": Das süße Mürbeteiggebäck stammt ursprünglich aus Schottland, ist aber im ganzen Vereinigten Königreich sehr populär. Es wird mit viel Butter hergestellt, wodurch das Gebäck seinen vollmundigen Geschmack erhält und gerne zum "Afternoon Tea" gereicht wird.
(E1)(L1) http://books.google.com/ngrams/graph?corpus=0&content=afternoon tea
Abfrage im Google-Corpus mit 15Mio. eingescannter Bücher von 1500 bis heute.
Engl. "afternoon tea" taucht in der Literatur um das Jahr 1780 / 1850 auf.