Musk Rose - RoseBot. "Rosa moschata Herrm.", "Rosa moschata Herrmann", "R. moschata Herrm.", "R. moschata Herrmann" sind die wissenschaftlichen Bezeichnungen der alten Wildrose "Rosa moschata", "R. moschata". Als weitere Namen findet man dt. "Moschusrose" und ältere Bezeichnungen wie "Bisamrose" und "Moschrose", "Muskrose", "Muskatenrose", engl. "Musk Rose". (Der Geruch der Rose soll an Bisam und Muskat erinnern.)
Die "Rosa moschata" wurde bereits im Jahr 1521 als Gartenpflanze erwähnt und beschrieben. Eine wissenschaftlich exaktere Beschreibung nahm der Elsässer "Johann Herrmann" im Jahr 1762 vor. Die Herkunft, der schon lange in Europa bekannten Rose wird in Südchina oder Indien (Himalaja) vermutet. Schon zu diesen Zeiten wurde mit ihren Hybriden züchterisch gearbeitet. Nachdem die ursprüngliche Rose in Vergessenheit geriet, wurde sie von Graham Thomas im Jahr 1963 in einem englischen Garten wieder gefunden. Seitdem erlebte sie eine Renaissance und wurde zur Ahnin einiger Rosenklassen, die zu den "Remontantrosen" geführt haben. Seit sie wieder erhältlich ist, sind viele neue Hybriden entstanden. Besonders der Rosist L. Lens aus Belgien hat sich um eine Weiterverbreitung und Züchtung von Moschata-Hybriden verdient gemacht.
Bot. "moschata" geht über mlat. "móschos" = dt. "Muskatnuss" zurück auf griech. "móschos" = dt. "Moschus". Weiter soll sich dahinter altind. "muská-h" = dt. "Hode", "Hodensack" und aind. "mus" = dt. "Maus" verstecken.
Adelung schreibt dazu:
Die "Bisamrose", plur. die -n, eine ausländische Rose und deren Strauch, welcher weißliche Blumen trägt, die einen Bisamgeruch haben; "Rosa moschata", "Mill. Moschrose", "Muskrose", "Muskatenrose", engl. "Musk Rose".
"Noisettes" - Contemporary of the "Portlands" and "Bourbons", yet developed in America by John Champneys. Most of the initial varieties were crossed back in "France" by Louis Noisette, the brother of Champneys' neighbor, "Philippe Noisette". They are crosses of the cultivated "Musk rose", "R. moschata" with Chinas and then later, Teas. Hardy to zone 6 or 7.
Noisette Roses The section
Noisettes combine the scent and late flowering of the cultivated musk rose "R. moschata", with the large flowers of the Teas and Chinas. The original ‘Blush Noisette’ has masses of small double, pale pink flowers; later varieties were raised with larger flowers.
Noisettes originated in North America, around Charleston in South Carolina. The ancestral rose, ‘Champneys’ Pink Cluster’ was raised in around 1802 by rice farmer John Champneys, and its supposed parents were a form of R. moschata pollinated with ‘Parson’s Pink China’. ‘Champneys’ Pink Cluster’ is apparently still in existence; it is a climber, bearing large sprays of loosely double flowers.
- 006 Musk Rose | Rosier musqué |
- 038 Semi-Double Musk Rose | Rosier Muscade à fleurs semi-doubles |
Pauls Himalayan Musk Rose ( Rosa )
Princess of Nassau - Climbing Moschata (climber) z6 PRINCESS OF NASSAU : An old Musk rose with semi-double, cupped, yellowish-straw coloured flowers with a sweet scent. Light green foliage and vigorous growth. 10' x 8'(3 x 2.5 m) early 19th century? R P MF Sh z6
R. moschata, "Musk Rose" - Species Climber z6 ROSA MOSCHATA : "Musk Rose" - A very ancient shrub or small climber with cream to white flowers from July to September, followed by small oval hips. Droopy, grey-green foliage and stems with hooked thorns. 8' x 6' (2.5 x 1.8 m) S. Europe/Middle East ancient. S P W Tr N Sh z6
"Rosa brunonii" - (Species) "Rosa moschata" "Nepalensis" "Rosa brownii" "Himalayan Musk Rose" Like Rosa moschata "La Mortola", but dull, downy foliage.
- [From Climbing Roses, by Stephen Scanniello, p. 14:] The musk rose holds an important place in the history of climbing roses. Before the nineteenth century it was one of the few roses that could be used as a climber; although it is not commonly cultivated today, its blood lives on in the Noisettes, a class of rose that originated from the accidental crossing of a China rose and a musk rose.
- [From Growing Old-Fashioned Roses, by Trevor Nottle, p. 21: Musk Roses are] a race of roses bred in England by the Reverend Joseph Pemberton between 1912 and 1939 with the expressed aim of obtaining roses which would provide a continuous and bountiful display of bloom for the garden on bushes that were free growing and healthy. The good Reverend also held fragrance to be of great import...
- Musk Rose: Species / Wild. White or white blend. Musk fragrance. Small to medium, single (4-8 petals) bloom form. Blooms in flushes throughout the season. USDA zone 6b through 10b. Height of 8' to 12' (245 to 365 cm).
- American Musk Rose: Species / Wild. Red. Large, single (4-8 petals) bloom form. Once-blooming spring or summer. USDA zone 6b through 9b (default).
- Double Musk rose: Species / Wild. White or white blend. Strong, clove, musk fragrance. Medium, semi-double to double, in large clusters bloom form. Blooms in flushes throughout the season. USDA zone 6b through 9b (default). Unknown (1513).
- Evergreen Musk Rose: Species / Wild. White. Strong, musk fragrance. Single (4-8 petals), in large clusters bloom form. Blooms in flushes throughout the season. Height of 4' to 5' (120 to 150 cm).
- Himalayan Musk Rose: Species / Wild. White or white blend. Pale yellow buds open to white. Mild, musk fragrance. Single (4-8 petals), cluster-flowered, in large clusters bloom form. Once-blooming spring or summer. USDA zone 4b through 10b. Height of 20' to 50' (610 to 1525 cm).
- Persian Musk Rose: Hybrid Musk, Noisette. White, pink shading. Small, semi-double (9-16 petals), cluster-flowered bloom form. Blooms in flushes throughout the season. USDA zone 5b and warmer. Height of up to 4' (up to 120 cm). Width of up to 10' (up to 305 cm). Ernest François Pissard (aka Pissart) (1879).
- Red Musk Rose: Hybrid Moschata. Deep pink to red. Single (4-8 petals) bloom form. USDA zone 6b and warmer. Unknown (1797).
- Semi-Double Musk Rose: Species / Wild. White or white blend. Strong, clove, musk fragrance. Medium, semi-double to double, in large clusters bloom form. Blooms in flushes throughout the season. USDA zone 6b through 9b (default). Unknown (1513).
- Spanish Musk Rose: Species / Wild. White, blush center. Single (4-8 petals) bloom form. Once-blooming spring or summer.
- White Damask Musk Rose: Hybrid Moschata, Species / Wild. White. Moderate, musk fragrance. Large, double (17-25 petals), very double, cluster-flowered bloom form. Once-blooming spring or summer. Unknown (1724).
We found 19 dictionaries with English definitions that include the word musk rose:
General dictionaries General (17 matching dictionaries)
Computing dictionaries Computing (1 matching dictionary)
- 1.musk rose: Oxford Dictionaries [home, info]
- 2.musk rose: American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language [home, info]
- 3.musk rose: Collins English Dictionary [home, info]
- 4.musk rose: Vocabulary.com [home, info]
- 5.musk rose: Merriam-Webster's Online Dictionary, 11th Edition [home, info]
- 6.musk-rose, musk rose: Wordnik [home, info]
- 7.musk rose: The Wordsmyth English Dictionary-Thesaurus [home, info]
- 8.musk rose: Infoplease Dictionary [home, info]
- 9.Musk rose, musk rose: Dictionary.com [home, info]
- 10.musk rose: UltraLingua English Dictionary [home, info]
- 11.Musk rose: Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia [home, info]
- 12.musk rose: Rhymezone [home, info]
- 13.musk rose: Free Dictionary [home, info]
- 14.musk rose: Mnemonic Dictionary [home, info]
- 15.musk rose: WordNet 1.7 Vocabulary Helper [home, info]
- 16.musk rose: LookWAYup Translating Dictionary/Thesaurus [home, info]
- 17.musk rose: Dictionary/thesaurus [home, info]
Science dictionaries Science (1 matching dictionary)
- 18.musk rose: Encyclopedia [home, info]
- 19.Musk Rose: Botanical Name listing of Plants [home, info]
The Mystery of the Musk Rose by Graham Stuart Thomas
Johannes Herrmann's Dissertatio inauguratis botanico medico de Rosa, 1762, gives a full description in Latin of "R. moschata" and states that it flowers in autumn. Philip Miller produced the 8th edition of his The Gardener's Dictionary in 1768; he calls his Musk Rose "R. moschata", with a synonym "R. moschata major". The latter is a name used in a vague description by J. Bauhin in 1651 (Hisforiae plantarum universalis). Likewise Aiton, Horfus Kewensis, 1789; Jacquin, Plantarum rariorum borti Schonbrunnensis, 1797; we may go on, looking at Roessig, 1802-20; Andrews, 1805; Dumont de Courset, 1811; Redoute, 1817-24, and lastly at Loudon's Hortus Britannicus, 1850; all repeat the late season of flowering and, where such particulars are included, all state the oval leaf and the height roughly from 7 to 12 feet — sometimes not specifically given but compared with the Sweet Brier — and the native habitat is variously ascribed to Spain, Madeira, Barbary. Although many of the drawings are not recognizable and the descriptions are not careful in the oldest books, I think the above all amounts to a fairly clear picture of a "Musk Rose" imported from South-western Europe, North Africa or Madeira, grown in gardens for its sweet scent and late-flowering character and being used to cover arbours or to make a fair-sized shrub. Apart from a few Autumn Damask roses this would have been the only rose to have flowered late in the season, and as such would have been greatly treasured. To this we must add that "R. moschata" in any form was the only rose that could be called 'climbing' in those early days of gardening in Britain, for none of its Far East relatives had been introduced, and "R. phoenicea", "R. arvensis", and "R. sempervirens", if cultivated, were of little value, though the second was well known in the hedgerows. It was therefore a very important garden plant, and was listed by nurserymen; W. Masters of Canterbury (1831) mentions the double form flowering in September and October, and William Paul (1848) writes 'abundant blooms, especially in the autumn'; Thomas Rivers (1845) includes "R. moschata" in his 'autumnal rose garden'. He adds some further details, stating that there was in the early days of the French Republic a rose tree at Ispahan (Persia), called' the Chinese Rose Tree, fifteen feet high . . . seeds were sent to Paris and produced the common Musk Rose ... large and very old plants of the "Musk Rose" may sometimes be seen in the gardens of old English country houses'. Other writers also mention this plant. Though it could have been a hybrid it was more likely to have been the original "Musk Rose".
From Brent Dickerson:
"Just after 1800, John Champneys of Charleston, South Carolina, crossed a pink China (traditionally supposed to be "Parsons' Pink") with the Musk Rose "R. moschata", and obtained a large-growing shrub with clusters of lightly fragrant pink blossoms, "Champneys' Pink Cluster". A neighbor there, "Philippe Noisette", planted its seeds and grew a plant which was similar but dwarfer, and which had larger clusters of doubler flowers, "Blush Noisette". Philippe Noisette's brother happened to be a major French nurseryman in Paris, and it was through this latter that the rose found commercial release around 1815.
(E2)(L1) http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/musk rose
"Just after 1800, John Champneys of Charleston, South Carolina, crossed a pink China (traditionally supposed to be 'Parsons' Pink') with the "Musk Rose" "R. moschata", and obtained a large-growing shrub with clusters of lightly fragrant pink blossoms, Champneys' Pink Cluster,. A neighbor there, Philippe Noisette, planted its seeds and grew a plant which was similar but dwarfer, and which had larger clusters of doubler flowers, `Blush Noisette'. Philippe Noisette's brother happened to be a major French nurseryman in Paris, and it was through this latter that the rose found commercial release around 1815.
"musk rose" rose native to Mediterranean region having curved or climbing branches and loose clusters of musky-scented flowers
"Rosa moschata", "Rosa moschata HERM.", "Moschus-Rose", "The Musk Rose", Herkunft: Westchina unbekannt, "Strauchrose", Kletterrose (auch in Bäume) weiß, früh- und dauerblühend, starker Moschusduft. Ovale, kleine, fein behaarte "Hagebutten". Wichtige Elternsorte, zur Züchtung von "öfterblühenden Strauchrosen" verwendet; aus ihr entstanden die Moschata-Hybriden, denen sich vor allem der belgische Züchter Lens widmete.
17. "Rosa moschata plena", "Rosa moschata var. plena Regel", "Rosa moschata flore semiplena Rosier arbre", "Rosa arborea Oliv. synonym", "Rosa moschata flore pleno", "Rosa Damascena sive moschata flore pleno", "Rosa damascena flore pleno albo", "Rosa moschata multiplex", "Rosa moschata alba multiplex", "Double Musk Rose", "Nasrin", "Rosa glandulifera Roxb.", "Rosa moschata à fleurs doubles Hort.", "Rosa moschata staxon flore semi-pleno Thory", "Rose musquée double", "Rosier Muscade à fleurs semi-doubles", "Semi-Double Musk Rose", Herkunft unbekannt, vor 1513, Wildrose, Strauchrose, Kletterrose, weiss, erster Flor spät, starker Moschusduft, auch als Kletterrose (in Bäumen)
"flore semiplena" bedeutet, dass die Füllung der Blüten zwischen gefüllt und halbgefüllt schwankt, sogar einfache Blüten treten auf. Als einzige spätblühende Kletterrose wurde sie zur vielfachen Elternsorte.
The first Noisette rose was raised as a hybrid seedling by a South Carolina rice planter named John Champneys. Its parents were the China Rose "Parson's Pink" and the autumn-flowering musk rose ("Rosa moschata"), resulting in a vigorous climbing rose producing huge clusters of small pink flowers from spring to fall. Champneys sent seedlings of his rose (called "Champneys' Pink Cluster") to his gardening friend, "Philippe Noisette", who in turn sent plants to his brother Louis in Paris, who then introduced "Blush Noisette" in 1817. The first Noisettes were small-blossomed, fairly winter-hardy climbers, but later infusions of Tea rose genes created a Tea-Noisette subclass with larger flowers, smaller clusters, and considerably reduced winter hardiness. Examples: "Blush Noisette", "Lamarque" (Noisette); "Mme. Alfred Carriere", "Marechal Niel" (Tea-Noisette). (See French and German articles on Noisette roses)
Input interpretation: Musk Rose
Scientific name: Rosa moschata