dandelion (W3)Engl. "dandelion" = dt. "Löwenzahn" ist übernommen von frz. "dent-de-lion" = wörtlich dt. "Löwenzahn". Die Bezeichnung soll bereits im Jahr 1066 mit "William the Conqueror" nach England gekommen sein. Andere Quellen legen die Adaption allerdings erst ins 16. Jh.
Als Vorläufer findet man sogar mlat. "dens leonis".
Die Zacken des - als Salat anrichtbaren Unkrauts - erinnerten viele an die Zähne eines Löwen, auch die Franzosen, die ihn "dent de lion" nannten, das dann zu engl. "dandelion" verballhornt wurde.
Wegen seiner harntreibenden Wirkung wird der Löwenzahn auch gerne frz. "pissenlit" genannt, das die Saarländer als "Bettsäächer" eingedeutscht haben.
Im Duden Synonymwörterbuch findet man als weitere Bezeichnungen:
"Pusteblume" (was die Kinder erfreut und den Rasenpfleger zur Verzweiflung bringt), Kuhblume, Kettenblume, Ringelblume, Hundeblume, Eierpusch, Bettseicher, Bettpisser, Bettschisser (der saarländische "Bettsächer" ist nicht aufgeführt (!)), Milchbusch, Dotterbusch, Saublume, Lichterblume.
Alle diese Bezeichnungen spielen wohl auf eine bestimmte Eigenschaft an.
Der 10-seitige, sehr interessante Artikeln "Dandelion" im "Modern Herbal" auf "www.botanical.com" enthält weitere Bezeichnungen für den Löwenzahn. So heisst er lat. "Dens leonis" und der - die Botanik strukturierende - Linné gab ihm den griech. Namen "Leontodon". Und viele Bezeichnungen in anderen europäischen Sprachen nehmen ebenfalls Bezug auf den "Zahn des Löwen". In England findet man dann noch die "Schweineschnautze", "Swines's Snout", an die die geschlossene Blüte angeblich erinnert. Dann gibt es noch die "Priesterkrone", "Priest's Crown": Nachdem alle Sammenfäden der "Pusteblume" ausgefallen sind, soll ihre Plattform an den geschorenen Kopf der Priester im Mittelalter erinnert haben.
Und dann gibt es noch einige Getränke, an denen "Löwenzahn" beteiligt ist bzw. die aus Löwenzahn hergestellt werden, "Dandelion Beer", "Dandelion Wine" und "Dandelion Coffee".
- Cicerbita macrantha - Asteraceae - Large Violet Dandelion
- Cicerbita macrorhiza - Asteraceae - Violet Dandelion
- Taraxacum officinale - Asteraceae - Dandelion
Lit.: Janzen, D.H. (1977). What are dandelions and aphids? American Naturalist 111, 586-589.
"Dandelion" als Farbe: - #ffcf40 - Dandelion
His excellency, the dandelion - Leonardo Fontes de Sales
The "t" in "dentdelion" probably disappeared early in Old French, having been absorbed into the related sound of the "d". The earliest recorded instance of the word occurs in an herbal written in 1373, but we find an instance of "dandelion" used in a proper name ("Willelmus Dawndelyon") in a document dated 1363.
dandelion in ASCII-Art
Dandelion Botanical Company
Essence of hound's tongue and tincture of bloodroot are just the tip of the herbalist iceberg at this beautiful, impressively-stocked apothecary
Commercial Curiosities, Natural Wonders, Unique Collections, Wonder Cabinets
13 Aug 2013
perfume, shops, wonder cabinets, commercial curiosities
Hypochoeris radicata ( Catsear Dandelion )
Krigia virginica ( Virginia Dwarf Dandelion )
Taraxacum officinale ( Dandelion )
Catsear Dandelion ( Hypochoeris radicata )
Dandelion ( Taraxacum officinale )
Virginia Dwarf Dandelion ( Krigia virginica )
A flower. The word is a corruption of the French "dent de lion" ("lion’s tooth"). Also called "Leontodon" ("lion-tooth", Greek), from a supposed resemblance between its leaves and the teeth of lions.
Arctotheca calendula (L.) levins, cape weed, cape dandelion (cover)
Dandelions in lawns.
By: United States.
Publication info: [Washington, D.C.] :United States Department of Agriculture, Office of Information, Radio Service,1940.
Contributed by: U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Agricultural Library
Dandelions, hawkweeds, ginseng, canker worms /
By: Munson, W. M.
Publication info: Orono :Maine Agricultural Experiment Station,1903.
Contributed by: U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Agricultural Library
A lawn without dandelions, by Jos. F. O'Byrne.
By: O'Byrne, Joseph Francis.
Publication info: Golden, Col.,Foss drug company,c1921.
Contributed by: Library of Congress
BHL Collections: Library of Congress
On the intercellular substance and the milk-vessels in the root of the common Dandelion
By: Vogl, August
In: Annals And Magazine of Natural History
Page Range: 264--264
The leaves are shiny and without hairs, the margin of each leaf cut into great jagged teeth, either upright or pointing somewhat backwards, and these teeth are themselves cut here and there into lesser teeth. It is this somewhat fanciful resemblance to the canine teeth of a lion that (it is generally assumed) gives the plant its most familiar name of "Dandelion", which is a corruption of the French "Dent de Lion", an equivalent of this name being found not only in its former specific Latin name "Dens leonis" and in the Greek name for the genus to which Linnaeus assigned it, "Leontodon", but also in nearly all the languages of Europe.
My Dandelion Girl
The Fairies and the Dandelion
BIOLOGICAL IMAGES: Dandelion seeds
Nestled within the blossom. The long filaments at the top of each seed would have caught the wind like a miniature parachute. x100
April 2010•19: Dandelions and Medallions
"Medallion", on the other hand, comes from Italian "medaglione", "large medal". The word "medal" comes ultimately from Latin "metallum", "metal".
dandelion | dandelion weeder
"dandelion" (n.) early 15c., earlier "dent-de-lioun" (late 14c.), from Middle French "dent de lion", literally "lion's tooth" (from its toothed leaves), translation of Medieval Latin "dens leonis". Other folk names, like "tell-time" refer to the custom of telling the time by blowing the white seed (the number of puffs required to blow them all off supposedly being the number of the hour), or to the plant's more authentic diuretic qualities, preserved in Middle English "piss-a-bed" and French "pissenlit".
- Cicerbita macrantha Asteraceae Large Violet Dandelion
- Lactuca macrorhiza Cicerbita macrorhiza, Prenanthes laevigata, Cicerbita laevigata Asteraceae Violet Dandelion
- Saussurea taraxacifolia Aplotaxis taraxacifolia, Cyathidium taraxacifolium Asteraceae Dandelion Saw-Wort
- Taraxacum candidatum Asteraceae White Himalayan Dandelion
- Taraxacum officinale Asteraceae Dandelion
"dandelion" n Comb "dandelion look": "a hard stare"; "bold look".
P 148-65 He gave me a dandelion look.
The name dandelion comes from the French dent de lion (“lion's tooth”), suggested by the toothlike notches on the leaves.
How to Kill Dandelions
Dandelion: Herbal Remedies
3.7. The form "pisbEdz" (SED W 12St 2 [Mow Cop]) is originally a term for the "dandelion" (BrittHoll s.v. "Pissabed" "Leontodon Taraxacum L."; "Ranunculus bulbosus L."), coined after Fr. "pissenlit" (cf. OED s.v. "pissabed", EDD IV: 523f.). The transfer to "Tussilago farfara" is not unexpected if one takes the many parallel developments in German dialects (cf. HM IV: 859 & 872f.) into account.
Let’s start with the names, both common and scientific. In English, "dandelion" is a corruption of the French. Originally it was called "dent de lion" and the name came over in 1066 with a certain William and his Conquerors. It means "lion’s tooth" and many people mistakenly believe it refers to the orange colored flower head, confusing the words "beard" and "tooth".
The Dandelion - Whimsical World-Wide Weed 2014-08-13 clips from every story, Cool, dandelion, History, Legends, Lovely, myths, Photographs, Photography, Pictures, pictures of dandelions
The humble dandelion. From your garden to almost the ends of the earth this small but conspicuous plant flourishes. Gardeners do not appreciate its presence, considering it a weed, even though its flowering usually indicates the beginning of the honey bee season and could be seen as a welcome sign. Its simplistic looking structure hides a few surprising secrets and its cultural resonance, especially in Europe is strong. Here is a short but sincere homage to one of the small wonders of our botanical world.
The Germans and Poles, two nations not altogether noted for overt linguistic romanticism have names which mean approximately the same, in fact the German, "Pusteblume" has a lovely ring to it, with a slightly onomatopoeic edge: one can almost imagine someone blowing the seeds away with relish with that strong "P" sound at the beginning of the word.
Perhaps the Polish do it best, separating the stages of the plant’s life by giving it two separate names. While it is in its flower state, then in Polish it is called a "mlecz". This is a word that comes from "milk" and is due to the milky sap that generously spills on to the finger when the stem is snapped. Later, when it has produced seeds, then it is known as "dmuchawiec" - again, another reference to the blowing away of the seeds.
The Finnish people call it the "butter flower" which could refer to its golden color when in bloom or perhaps to its prevalence in meadows where milking cows are kept. The Norwegians call it the "worm rose", which sums up the dual attitude humanity has towards the plant. At the same time its simple but pleasing appearance gets a reference, so does its lowly status. It may be a "rose" - but only for the worms!
Just in case you are asked by an inquisitive child - yes, the stalk between achene (seed) and pappus (parachute) has a name too. It is known as a "beak" and breaks off from the achene with ease, so enabling the seed to germinate. The residual fluff of the parachutes, which can cover an area visibly, is sometimes known as "dandelion snow".
"dandelion juice" (OotP ch. 38): Apparently a perfectly ordinary drink for wizards.
Stories behind Words: dandelion
Posted by Karen Richardson on April 24, 2013
In my early 20s, while studying herbal medicine, I was chuffed to find out that the name dandelion comes from a mispronunciation of the French "Dente de Lion", literally "lion’s tooth". Look at the shape of the leaves, and it will be obvious how it got this name. Even more relevant to a budding phytotherapist, was finding out that the French give this diuretic plant another more vernacular name: "pisse en lit". Where I live now, the plant’s name in the local German Swabian dialect is: "Bettsoicherle". Both of these folk-names mean the same thing in English, and that is "wet the bed". Be aware of this next time you drink a pot of dandelion tea before bedtime!
Common Names: "dandelion", "lion’s tooth", "blowball"
Ltin Name: "Taraxacum officinale"
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- Other names
"Blowball", "Cankerwort", "Cochet", "Common Dandelion", "Couronne de Moine", "Dandelion Extract", "Dandelion Herb", "Délice Printanier", "Dent-de-Lion", "Diente de Leon", "Dudal", "Endive Sauvage", "Fausse Chicorée", "Florin d’Or", "Florion d’Or", "Herba Taraxaci", "Laitue de Chien", "Leontodon taraxacum", "Lion's Teeth", "Lion's Tooth", "Pisse au Lit", "Pissenlit", "Pissenlit Vulgaire", "Priest's Crown", "Pu Gong Ying", "Salade de Taupe", "Swine Snout", "Taraxaci Herba", "Taraxacum", "Taraxacum dens-leonis", "Taraxacum officinale", "Taraxacum vulgare", "Tête de Moine", "Wild Endive".
Limericks on "dandelion"
(E?)(L?) http://www.oedilf.com/db/Lim.php?Word=dandelion clock
Limericks on "dandelion clock"
(E?)(L?) http://www.oedilf.com/db/Lim.php?Word=dandelion greens
Limericks on "dandelion greens"
(E?)(L?) http://www.oedilf.com/db/Lim.php?Word=dandelion wine
Limericks on "dandelion wine"
(E?)(L?) http://www.oedilf.com/db/Lim.php?Word=dwarf dandelion
Limericks on "dwarf dandelion"
Compositae (Asteraceae): Mace, Yarrow, Burdock, Chamomile, Artemisia (Tarragon, Wormwood), Sage, "Dandelion", Daisy, Marigold, Cirsium (Thistle), Chicory, Sunflower, Lettuce, Groundsel.
- "Agoseris aurantiaca" "Mountain Dandelion", Orange agoseris - Asteraceae or Compositae - Macrorhynchus troximoides. Troxicum aurantiacum.
- "Agoseris glauca" "Mountain Dandelion", Pale agoseris, False agoseris - Asteraceae or Compositae - A. villosa. Rydb. Troxicum glaucum.
What is the etymology of dandelion?
"Dandelion" is from a French phrase "dent de lion", from Latin "dens leonis" "lion's tooth" - based on the deeply toothed edges of the leaves of this weed.
Some say there is a 'missing link' in this (and other words') etymology: that of Anglo-French. "Dandelion" is said by the authorities to be first found in English in the 16th century and to be an adaptation of the French "dent-de-lion". Yet Godefroy's (Godefroy, F., Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle, 10 vols; Paris, 1880-1902) sole example of "dandelyon" comes from the Englishman Palsgrave, a dating which clearly refutes the claim that the sixteenth-century English word is "adapted" from continental French.
Asteraceae: Krigia dandelion (3)
- Cicerbita macrantha (Large Violet Dandelion) species page from the Flowers of India
- Cicerbita macrorhiza (Violet Dandelion) species page from the Flowers of India
- Krigia biflora (two flower dwarf dandelion) species page from Bioimages
- Krigia dandelion (potato dwarf dandelion) species page from Bioimages
- Krigia dandelion image page from Kansas Wildflowers and Grasses
- Krigia dandelion image page from Missouri Plants
- Pyrrhopappus carolinianus (false dandelion) species page from Bioimages
- Pyrrhopappus carolinianus (Carolina falsedandelion) species page from Forestry Images
- Taraxacum ceratophorum (horned dandelion) species page from Forestry Images
- Taraxacum laevigatum (rock dandelion) species page from Forestry Images
- Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion) species page from Bioimages
- Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) species page from Forestry Images
- Taraxacum officinale (Dandelion) species page from the Flowers of India
- Taraxacum officinale (Common dandelion) image page from Pasture and Roadside Flowering Plants of Goodwell and Texhoma, Texas County, Oklahoma
- Taraxacum officinale agg (Common Dandelion) species page from the Flora of the Isle of Skye
- Taraxacum officinale agg. (Dandelion) species page from the Flora of Nothern Ireland
- Taraxacum phymatocarpum (northern dandelion) species page from Forestry Images
- Taraxacum spectabile agg (Red-veined Dandelion) species page from the Flora of the Isle of Skye
- Taraxacum spp. (dandelion) species page from Forestry Images
Dandelion - by The Rolling Stones
GLSE4 - Glyptopleura setulosa A. Gray holy dandelion 3/0
KRBI - Krigia biflora (Walter) S.F. Blake twoflower dwarfdandelion 5/0
KRBIB - Krigia biflora (Walter) S.F. Blake var. biflora twoflower dwarfdandelion
KRCA - Krigia caespitosa (Raf.) K.L. Chambers weedy dwarfdandelion 2/0
KRDA - Krigia dandelion (L.) Nutt. potato dwarfdandelion 2/0
CYDA5 - Cynthia dandelion (L.) DC. 0/1
KRMO - Krigia montana (Michx.) Nutt. mountain dwarfdandelion 1/0
KROC - Krigia occidentalis Nutt. western dwarfdandelion
KRVI - Krigia virginica (L.) Willd. Virginia dwarfdandelion 5/2
LEAUA - Leontodon autumnalis L. ssp. autumnalis fall dandelion
MALAC3 - Malacothrix desertdandelion 1/0
MACA6 - Malacothrix californica DC. California desertdandelion 5/0
MAFE - Malacothrix fendleri A. Gray Fendler's desertdandelion 1/0
MAFL - Malacothrix floccifera (DC.) S.F. Blake woolly desertdandelion 2/0
MAGL3 - Malacothrix glabrata (A. Gray ex D.C. Eaton) A. Gray smooth desertdandelion 9/0
MASA2 - Malacothrix saxatilis (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray cliff desertdandelion 3/0
MASAI - Malacothrix saxatilis (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray var. implicata (Eastw.) H.M. Hall cliff desertdandelion 2/0
MASO - Malacothrix sonchoides (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray sowthistle desertdandelion 11/1
NOAL2 - Nothocalais alpestris (A. Gray) K.L. Chambers alpine lake false dandelion 6/0
NOCU - Nothocalais cuspidata (Pursh) Greene prairie false dandelion
NOTR2 - Nothocalais troximoides (A. Gray) Greene sagebrush false dandelion 1/0
TARAX - Taraxacum F.H. Wigg. dandelion 1/0
TACA5 - Taraxacum californicum Munz & I.M. Johnst. California dandelion 5/0
TAER2 - Taraxacum eriophorum Rydb. woolbearing dandelion 3/0
TALA2 - Taraxacum laevigatum (Willd.) DC. rock dandelion
TAOF - Taraxacum officinale F.H. Wigg. common dandelion 22/0
TAOFC - Taraxacum officinale F.H. Wigg. ssp. ceratophorum (Ledeb.) Schinz ex Thell. common dandelion 2/0
TAOFO - Taraxacum officinale F.H. Wigg. ssp. officinale common dandelion
(E?)(L?) http://wisflora.herbarium.wisc.edu/taxa/index.php?taxon=Taraxacum laevigatum
Taraxacum laevigatum of Amer. authors, not (Willd.) DC.
Common: "red-seeded dandelion", "rock dandelion" Status: Introduced - naturalized - Name Info: "Taraxacum": medieval name traceable through Arabic to the Persian "talkh chakok", meaning "bitter herb".
(E?)(L?) http://wisflora.herbarium.wisc.edu/taxa/index.php?taxon=Taraxacum officinale
Taraxacum officinale F.H.Wigg.
Common: common "dandelion" Status: Introduced - naturalized - Name Info: "Taraxacum": medieval name traceable through Arabic to the Persian "talkh chakok", meaning "bitter herb".
(E?)(L?) http://wisflora.herbarium.wisc.edu/taxa/index.php?taxon=Krigia biflora
Krigia biflora (Walter) S.F.Blake
Common: "false-dandelion", orange dwarf-dandelion Status: Native - Name Info: "Krigia": for David Krieg, German physician, who first collected this plant in Maryland
(E?)(L?) http://wisflora.herbarium.wisc.edu/taxa/index.php?taxon=Krigia virginica
Krigia virginica (L.) Willd.
Common: "Virginia dwarf-dandelion Status": Native - Name Info: "Krigia": for David Krieg, German physician, who first collected this plant in Maryland.
(E?)(L?) http://wisflora.herbarium.wisc.edu/taxa/index.php?taxon=Hypochaeris radicata
Hypochaeris radicata L.
Common: "false dandelion", "hairy cat's-ear", "spotted cat's-ear" Status: Introduced - locally established - Name Info: "Hypochaeris": the name used by Theophrastus for this or a related genus.
(E?)(L?) http://wisflora.herbarium.wisc.edu/taxa/index.php?taxon=Microseris cuspidata
Microseris cuspidata (Pursh) Sch.Bip.
Common: "false dandelion", "prairie dandelion", "prairie false dandelion" Status: Special Concern - Name Info: "Microseris": from the Greek "micros", "small", and "seris", "a lettuce-like plant".
- "California dandelion" European weed widely naturalized in North America having yellow flower heads and leaves resembling a cat's ears
- "common dandelion" Eurasian plant widely naturalized as a weed in North America
- "dandelion" any of several herbs of the genus "Taraxacum" having long tap roots and deeply notched leaves and bright yellow flowers followed by fluffy seed balls
- "dandelion green" the foliage of the dandelion plant
- "dwarf dandelion" small yellow-flowered herb resembling dandelions of central and southeastern United States
"fall dandelion" fall-blooming European herb with a yellow flower
- "genus Krigia" small herbs closely related to chicory: dwarf dandelions
- "genus Taraxacum" an asterid dicot genus of the family Compositae including dandelions
- "hawkweed" any of numerous often hairy plants of the genus Hieracium having yellow or orange flowers that resemble the dandelion
- "kok-saghyz" perennial dandelion native to Kazakhstan cultivated for its fleshy roots that have high rubber content
- "kok-sagyz" perennial dandelion native to Kazakhstan cultivated for its fleshy roots that have high rubber content
- "Krigia bulbosa" small yellow-flowered herb resembling dandelions of central and southeastern United States
- "Krigia dandelion" small yellow-flowered herb resembling dandelions of central and southeastern United States
- "pappose" (of plants such as dandelions and thistles) having pappi or tufts of featherlike hairs or delicate bristles
- "pappus" calyx composed of scales or bristles or featherlike hairs in plants of the Compositae such as thistles and dandelions
- "runcinate" having incised margins with the lobes or teeth pointing toward the base; as dandelion leaves
- "runcinate leaf" a leaf having incised margins with the lobes or teeth curved toward the base; as a dandelion leaf
- "Russian dandelion" perennial dandelion native to Kazakhstan cultivated for its fleshy roots that have high rubber content
- "Taraxacum" an asterid dicot genus of the family Compositae including dandelions
- "Taraxacum kok-saghyz" perennial dandelion native to Kazakhstan cultivated for its fleshy roots that have high rubber content
Hypochaeris is a genus of plants in the dandelion family. Many species are known as cat's ear. These are annual and perennial herbs generally bearing flower heads with yellow ray florets.
Etymology and differences from dandelions
"Catsear" is derived from the words "cat's ear", and refers to the shape and fine hair on the leaves resembling that of the ear of a cat.
The plant is also known as "false dandelion", as it is commonly mistaken for "true dandelions". Both plants carry similar flowers which form windborne seeds. However, "catsear" flowering stems are forked and solid, whereas "dandelions" possess unforked stems that are hollow. Both plants have a rosette of leaves and a central taproot. The leaves of dandelions are jagged in appearance, whereas those of catsear are more lobe-shaped and hairy. Both plants have similar uses.
Abfrage im Google-Corpus mit 15Mio. eingescannter Bücher von 1500 bis heute.
Engl. "dandelion" taucht in der Literatur um das Jahr 1650 / 1750 auf.