Etymologie, Etimología, Étymologie, Etimologia, Etymology
UK Vereinigtes Königreich Großbritannien und Nordirland, Reino Unido de Gran Bretaña e Irlanda del Norte, Royaume-Uni de Grande-Bretagne et d'Irlande du Nord, Regno Unito di Gran Bretagna e Irlanda del Nord, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
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robot (W3)

Der "Roboter", span. "robot", frz. "robot", ital. "robot", ndl. "robot", engl. "robot", geht über tschech. "robota" = dt. "schwere, mühsame Arbeit", "Frondienst" und tchesch. "rabu" = dt. "Sklave", "Knecht", "Diener" zurück auf ein postuliertes ide. "*orbh-" = dt. "verwaist", "Waise". Auf diese Wurzel werden auch griech. "orphanos" = dt. "verwaist", engl. "orphan" = dt. "Waise", dt. "Arbeit", dt. "Erbe" und evtl. dt. "arm" zurück geführt.

Engl. "robot" erschien bereits im frühen 19. Jh. zur Bezeichnung einer bestimmten Art von dt. "Leibeigenschaft" in Osteuropa.

Als Wurzel wird ide. "*rob-" postuliert, das als Metathese "*orb-" auch die Wurzel von dt. "Arbeit" ist.

(E?)(L?) http://www.alphadictionary.com/goodword/word/robot

...
Word History: This Good Word comes to us from Czech, the stem of "robotiti" "to work as a slave or a drudge". It was originally applied to the mechanical men and women in the play R. U. R. (Rossum's Universal Robots) by Karel Capek (1920). The root in the Czech word is "rob-", also found in Russian "rab" "slave" and "rabota" "work". If you metathesize (switch) the [r] and the [a], as has often happened naturally in Indo-European languages, you get "arb-", the root in German "Arbeit" "work", also found in other Germanic languages.
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(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/zweibrucken-r2-d2-observatory

Zweibrücken R2-D2

Zweibrücken, Germany

A university observatory dome painted like the beloved "Star Wars" robot.


(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/r2d2-of-prague

R2-D2 of Prague

Folimanka Park

Prague, Czechia

Street artists transformed an abandoned air vent into the beloved Star Wars robot.


(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/al-shahaniya-camel-racetrack

Al Shahaniya Camel Racetrack

Ash-Shahaniyah, Qatar

Robot jockeys ride their humped mounts to victory as part of a 21st-century twist on an ancient desert sport.


(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/fraleys-robot-repair

Fraley's Robot Repair

Coraopolis, Pennsylvania

A retrofuturistic art installation in the Pittsburgh Airport.


(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/henn-na-hotel

Henn-Na Hotel

Sasebo, Japan

The world’s first hotel to be run by robots.


(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/goldie-1971-the-fallen-robot

Goldie 1971 - The Fallen Robot

Tuscaloosa, Alabama

A rusted metal giant pays tribute to Birmingham’s industrial past.


(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/drachenstichfestspiele

Drachenstich-Festspiele

Furth im Wald, Germany

Each year, Germany's "City of Dragons" slays the world's largest walking robot.


(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/lawyers-farm

Lawyer's Farm

Thurmont, Maryland

This Maryland farm is known for its amazing corn mazes and its 30-foot junkbots.

The Lawyer’s Farm in Thurmont, Maryland is not unlike a number of farms across America, except for the massive, junk-made transformer robots standing sentinel at the entrance.
...


(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/ali-and-nino

Ali and Nino

Batumi, Georgia

A literally moving statue of stacked metal giants just continually trying (and failing) to find love.


(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/steve-hellers-fabulous-furniture-and-sculpture-garden

Steve Heller's Fabulous Furniture (and Sculpture Garden)

Boiceville, New York

Homemade rockets, dinosaurs, and robots make this New York small business much more than a furniture store.


(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/robot-hall-of-fame

Robot Hall of Fame

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

This permanent exhibition celebrates the finest of our heartless automatons both real and fictional.


(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/robotic-church

Robotic Church

Brooklyn, New York

This former Norwegian sailor's church is slowly being taken over by ramshackle robot musicians.


(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/coloso

Coloso

Villa Martelli, Argentina

This giant power line tower is a robot that can express its moods with neon lights.


(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/jaquet-droz-automata

Jaquet-Droz Automata

Musée d'Art et d'Histoire of Neuchâtel

Neuchâtel, Switzerland

These magnificent 240-year-old machines are considered distant ancestors of the computer.


(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/gakutensoku

Gakutensoku

Osaka Science Museum

Osaka, Japan

Japan's first automaton went missing, only to be revived by the Osaka Science Museum.

Whether you refer to him as a robot or an example of automata, Gakutensoku was unquestionably a mechanical wonder.

The first robot built in Japan, Gakutensoku came into being in Osaka, circa 1929, the invention of biologist Makoto Nishimura. Using an air pressure mechanism, the 7’8” tall automaton would start his performance by touching a mace to his head before he proceeded to write out Chinese characters with his pen. He could open and close his eyes pensively, smile, puff out his cheeks, and move his head, arms and torso.
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(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/robo-lights

Robo Lights

Palm Springs, California

An outdoor sculpture park of giant pink robots and post-apocalyptic Christmas scenes.


(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/kabukicho-robot-restaurant

Kabukicho Robot Restaurant

Tokyo, Japan

Cabaret where the show girls are all androids, and the patrons couldn't be more pleased.


(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/monster-kabinett

Monster Kabinett

Berlin, Germany

Part art gallery, part haunted house, this robotic art display is a terrifying experience.


(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/tetsujin-28-robot-statue

Tetsujin 28 Robot Statue

Wakamatsu Park

Kobe, Japan

A 59-ft. robot statue looks over the citizens of earthquake-ravaged Kobe.


(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/le-village-des-automates

Le Village des Automates

Saint-Cannat, France

An often-shuddersome journey into a low-tech, robotic themepark.


(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/liberty-street-robot-supply-repair

Liberty Street Robot Supply & Repair

Ann Arbor, Michigan

Trade in that pesky human soul for cold-hard circuits.


(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/lord-mayors-parade-belfast

Lord Mayor’s Parade

Belfast, Northern Ireland

Robotic car thieves, freakish animals and huge neon floats in Northern Ireland's capital.


(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/mazinger-z

Mazinger Z

Cabra del Camp, Spain

Super Robot anime statue guards a forgotten suburban development in Tarragona.


(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/robots-of-wu-yulu

The Amazing Robots of Wu Yulu

Beijing, China

A chinese farmer builds robots from scrap.


(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/british-lawnmower-museum

British Lawnmower Museum

Southport, United Kingdom

This unique collection of lawnmowers includes vintage blueprints and automatic robot mowers.


(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/giant-gundam-robot

Giant GUNDAM Robot

Tokyo, Japan

A 20-meter (65-foot) robot towers over Tokyo Bay.


(E?)(L?) https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/american-science-surplus

American Science & Surplus

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Robots, Lasers, and Whoopee Cushions. Oh My!


(E?)(L?) http://www.bbc.co.uk/ahistoryoftheworld/objects/ImlqPMJ-QOyqgl22u8jSug

Industrial Robot


(E?)(L?) http://www.bbc.co.uk/ahistoryoftheworld/objects/nD-NTbm6RDy7cXUJse7ALQ

Clockwork robot


(E?)(L?) http://www.bbc.co.uk/ahistoryoftheworld/objects/9bD5612MSRuH9nTVJ3jiTQ

Magic Robot board game


(E?)(L?) http://www.bbc.co.uk/ahistoryoftheworld/objects/0-6sufjRSnGw70a2l2TuvQ

Happy, a Reading University robot


(E?)(L?) http://www.catb.org/jargon/html/B/bot.html

"bot": n [common on IRC, MUD and among gamers; from "robot"]
...


(E?)(L?) https://www.etymonline.com/word/robot

"robot" (n.), 1923, from English translation of 1920 play "R.U.R." ("Rossum's Universal Robots"), by Karel Capek (1890-1938), from Czech robotnik "forced worker", from "robota" "forced labor", "compulsory service", "drudgery", from "robotiti" "to work", "drudge", from an Old Czech source akin to Old Church Slavonic "rabota" "servitude", from "rabu" "slave", from Old Slavic "*orbu-", from PIE "*orbh-" "pass from one status to another" (see "orphan"). The Slavic word thus is a cousin to German "Arbeit" "work" (Old High German "arabeit"). According to Rawson the word was popularized by Karel Capek's play, "but was coined by his brother Josef (the two often collaborated), who used it initially in a short story."

Entries Related to robot


(E?)(L?) http://www.jargon.net/jargonfile/r/robot.html

"robot" /n./ [IRC, MUD] An IRC or MUD user who is actually a program. On IRC, typically the "robot" provides some useful service. Examples are NickServ, which tries to prevent random users from adopting nicks already claimed by others, and MsgServ, which allows one to send asynchronous messages to be delivered when the recipient signs on. Also common are "annoybots", such as KissServ, which perform no useful function except to send cute messages to other people. Service robots are less common on MUDs; but some others, such as the `Julia' robot active in 1990-91, have been remarkably impressive Turing-test experiments, able to pass as human for as long as ten or fifteen minutes of conversation.


(E?)(L?) https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/robot

Definition of robot

1: a machine that resembles a living creature in being capable of moving independently (as by walking or rolling on wheels) and performing complex actions (such as grasping and moving objects)
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2a: a device that automatically performs complicated, often repetitive tasks (as in an industrial assembly line)
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2b: a mechanism guided by automatic controls
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3: a person who resembles a machine in seeming to function automatically or in lacking normal feelings or emotions
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(E?)(L?) https://www.nationalgeographic.org/article/what-robot/

What is a Robot?

Learn about the three essential ingredients that make robots special.


(E?)(L?) http://www.reta-vortaro.de/revo/

esperanto "roboto"
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(E?)(L?) https://www.schneier.com/crypto-gram/archives/2016/0215.html#1

The Internet of Things Will Be the World's Biggest Robot


(E?)(L?) http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2012/05/where-does-the-word-robot-come-from/

Where does the word "robot" come from?

The word "robot" was coined by artist Josef Capek, the brother of famed Czechoslovakian author Karel Capek. Karel Capek was, among other things, a science fiction author before there was something officially known as science fiction, in subject matter along the same vein as George Orwell. He introduced the word in a play called R.U.R. The full title translating into English as "Rossum’s Universal Robots", which debuted in January of 1921.

While writing this play, he struggled to come up with a word to name the robots, initially settling on "labori", from the Latin "labor". He discussed this with his brother, Josef, and Josef suggested "roboti", which gave rise to the English "robot". "Roboti" derives from the Old Church Slavanic "rabota", meaning "servitude", which in turn comes from "rabu", meaning "slave".
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(E?)(L?) https://www.webopedia.com/TERM/R/robot.html

robot


(E?)(L?) https://www.webopedia.com/TERM/R/robots_dot_txt.html

"Robots.txt" is common name of a text file that is uploaded to a Web site's root directory and linked in the html code of the Web site. The "robots.txt" file is used to provide instructions about the Web site to Web robots and spiders. Web authors can use "robots.txt" to keep cooperating Web robots from accessing all or parts of a Web site that you want to keep private.


(E?)(L?) https://websitebuilders.com/how-to/glossary/robot/

A "robot", commonly referred to as a "bot", is a computer program designed to complete a repetitive task.

To learn more about "robots", see "Bot".


(E?)(L?) https://westegg.com/etymology/

"Robot" comes from the Czech word "robot", which means "worker". In 1923, Karl Capek, a well-known, Czech, science-fiction writer at the time, wrote a futuristic thriller about a nightmarish scenario in which the machines have taken over (a la, the "Terminator") and implanted circuitry in humans to make them into mindless zombies willing to serve them as workers or "robots".


(E?)(L?) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO_8373

ISO 8373 Manipulating Industrial Robots - Vocabulary


(E?)(L?) http://www.wordorigins.org/index.php/site/comments/robot/

Robots are a staple of science fiction and increasingly an important part of life in our present-day world. The word comes from the Czech "robota", a word literally meaning "forced labor", but which is also used figuratively to mean "drudgery", "hard work". "Robota" has cognates in several Slavic languages, and the use of "robot" in English to refer to the system of serfdom ["Leibeigenschaft"] in Eastern Europe dates to the early nineteenth century.

But the sense meaning an artificial being that can, in some fashion, take the place of a human is more recent. Czech writer Karel Capek (1890–1938) created this new sense by modifying the word robota and coining robot in his 1920 play R. U. R. (which stands for Rossum’s Universal Robots). The dystopian play, set in a robot factory, is about a world where humans rely on robot labor. In what is now an all-too-familiar plot (Terminator; Battlestar Galactica; I, Robot; 2001: A Space Odyssey; ...) , the robots rebel, killing all the humans, save one, but in the end, the robots discover love and become a new form of humanity. Capek credited his brother Josef for helping him come up with the word.
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(E1)(L1) http://books.google.com/ngrams/graph?corpus=0&content=robot
Abfrage im Google-Corpus mit 15Mio. eingescannter Bücher von 1500 bis heute.

Engl. "robot" taucht in der Literatur um das Jahr 1680 / 1900 auf.

Erstellt: 2020-05

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