St Davids (W3)Der kleine Ort "St Davids", der wegen seiner Kathedrale als kleinste Stadt im Vereinigten Königreich bezeichnet wird, trägt den Namen des Nationalheiligen von Wales, "St. David" (wal. "Dewi Sant", lat. "Davidus", ca. 500/512/520 - 587/589/600/601), der hier einst Abt war.
Der 01. März ist in Wales der "St. David's Day".
Grässe, Johann Georg Theodor (1909) - Orbis Latinus - Ortsnamen lateinisch - Lateinische Ortsnamen
Verzeichnis der wichtigsten lateinischen Orts- und Ländernamen - List of City Names
- "Davidis fanum", Meneviae, St. Davids, St., England (Wales).
- "Menevia", St. Davids, St., England (Wales).
- 01.03.2016 - St. David's Day 2016
- 01.03.2015 - St. David's Day 2015
- 01.03.2014 - St. David's Day 2014
- 01.03.2013 - St. David's Day 2013 - Wales
- 01.03.2012 - St. David's Day 2012 - Wales
- 01.03.2011 - St. David's Day 2011 - Wales
- 01.03.2010 - St. David's Day 2010 - Wales
- 01.03.2009 - St. David's Day 2009 - Wales
- 01.03.2008 - St. David's Day 2008 - Wales
- 01.03.2007 - St. David's Day 2007 - Wales
- 01.03.2006 - St. David's Day 2006 - Wales
- 29.02.2004 - St. David's Day 2004 - Wales
The life of St. David, Archbishop of Menebia, chief partron of Wales, and titular patron of Naas church and parish, in Ireland / by the Rev. John O'Hanlon.
Main Author: O'Hanlon, John, 1821-1905
Published: Dublin : J. Mullany, 1869.
Subjects: David, > Saint, > active 6th century
Physical Description: xx, 168 p. : front. ; 17 cm.
Locate a Print Version: Find in a library
Viewability: A Full view (original from University of Chicago)
"St. David" and "Taffy-on-a-Stick" (1910)
Bapopik, Fri Dec 21
"St. David and Taffy-on-a-Stick", F. C. Evans
A number of words in the English language are derived from the names of saints. "Maudlin", for instance, comes from "St. Magdalene", "valentine" from "St. Valentinus". It is very probable that the name of the humble confection, beloved by the children, known as "taffy-on-a-stick" is connected with that of the patron saint of Wales.
March first (01.03.) is St. David's Day, the national holiday of Wales. Very little actual fact is known about "St. David", except that he was one of the early leaders of the Welsh church. He established monasteries and founded the bishopric now known by his name. He died about the year 550, and a shrine in the present "cathedral of St. David's" is said to enclose the bones.
But if the authentic history of this personage is meagre, the legends that cluster around his name are many in number and fantastic in character. His birth is reputed to have been predicted by a divine messenger, he was frequently attended by celestial beings, the Bath waters became warm and salubrious through his agency, he healed the sick and raised the dead, when he preached a snow-white dove perched on his shoulder. A remarkable tradition concerning his birth is preserved in a prayer that used to be said in Salisbury Cathedral on "St. David's Day"; viz., "Oh God, who, by Thy angel didst foretell thy Blessed Confessor Saint David thirty years before he was born, grant unto us we beseech thee, that, celebrating his memory (Pg. 87, col. 1--ed.), we may by his intercession attain to joy everlasting."
Welshmen celebrate "St. David's Day" by wearing the leek, a plant that might be regarded the shamrock of Wales. Shakespeare alludes to this custom in several places. On this day one of the Welsh regiments of the British army gives a banquet, in which the leek plays a prominent part. The origin of wearing the leek is obscure; there is reason to believe it a relic of some pre-Christian festival connected with the revival of vegetation in the spring time.
In England there was once a custom of hanging a Welshman in effigy on this day, possibly a survival of a time when a real Welshman was slaughtered by the invading heathen Saxons. In 1667 Pepys wrote in his diary, "In Mark Lane, I do observe, it being St. David's Day, the picture of a man dressed like a Welshman, hanging by the neck upon one of the poles that stand out at the top of one of the merchant's houses, in full proportion and very handsomely done; which is one of the oddest sights I have seen a good while, for it was so like a man that one would have thought it was indeed a man."
This practise was very common at one time, and until the middle of the nineteenth century, bakers made gingerbread Welshmen, called "taffies", on "St. David's Day", which were made to represent a man skewered. "Taffy" is a diminutive of "David", a common name in Wales. "Taffy was a Welshman."
Now the sweetmeat known as "taffy-on-a-stick" consists of a piece of molasses candy impaled on a skewer. It is not improbable that this is a descendent of the impaled Welshman, for the transition is easily made from ginger cake to candy "via" such confections as "Scotch cake" etc. This probability is strengthened by the fact that most of the dictionaries are silent regarding the derivation of the word "taffy", while a few go as far as the Malay language to find its root in the word "Tafia", a kind of rum. But the above chain of facts would indicate that "taffy" (in England "toffy") as a general term for a type of candy has arisen from the name of a special kind of candy derived from the English "nickname for a Welshman", which is in turn a result of so many Welshmen bearing the name of "David" their patron saint.
Born: c. 500 AD
Died: c. 580 AD
Location of death: Wales
Cause of death: unspecified
Religion: Roman Catholic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Executive summary: Patron saint of Wales
"St. David" (in Welsh, "Dewi Sant"), the national and tutelar saint of Wales, whose annual festival, known as "St. David's Day", falls on the 1st of March. Few historical facts are known regarding the saint's life and actions, and the dates both of his birth and death are purely conjectural, although there is reason to suppose he was born about the year 500 and died at a great age towards the close of the 6th century. According to his various biographers he was the son of Sandde, a prince of the line of Cunedda, his mother being Non, who ranks as a Cymric saint. He seems to have taken a prominent part in the celebrated synod of Llanddewi-Brefi, and to have presided at the so-called "Synod of Victory", held some years later at Caerleon-on-Usk. At some date unknown, St. David, as penescoli or primate of South Wales, moved the seat of ecclesiastical government from Caerleon to the remote headland of "Mynyw", or "Menevia", which has ever since, under the name of "St. David's" ("Ty-Dewi"), remained the cathedral city of the western see. "St. David" founded numerous churches throughout all parts of South Wales, of which fifty-three still recall his name, but apparently he never penetrated farther north than the region of Powys, although he seems to have visited Cornwall. With the passing of time the saint's fame increased, and his shrine at St. David's became a notable place of pilgrimage, so that by the time of the Norman conquest his importance and sanctity were fully recognized, and at King Henry I's request he was formally canonized by Pope Calixtus II about 1120. Of the many biographies of St. David, the earliest known is that of Rhyddmarch, or Ricemarchus (c. 1090), one of the last British bishops of St. David's, from whose work Giraldus Cambrensis chiefly compiled his extravagant life of the saint.
St Davids Pembrokeshire west Wales is a beautiful and unique city surrounded by some of the finest coastline in Europe.
A thriving community, St Davids is a vibrant city with a sense of belonging. A favourite location of artists, travellers, pilgrims and surfers. Sun, sea and scenery.
The life of Saint David is the stuff of legend built on the firm foundation of fact. St David was the son of Sant or Sanctus a king of Ceredigion and Non a Pembrokeshire noblewoman. Born in a storm on the site of St Nons chapel on the outskirts of St Davids in the 6th century miraculous events occurred around him throughout his life. At the nearby harbour of Porth Clais where he was baptised as a baby by St Elvis, a blind monk had his sight restored and a spring appeared. David founded a monastery in Vallis Rosina (know known as Glyn Rhossyn) and named it "Menevia" (now the site of St David's Cathedral).
St Davids Cathedral
Built upon the site of St David's 6th century monastery St Davids Cathedral has been a site of pilgrimage and worship for many hundreds of years and remains a church serving a living community. During the 10th and 11th centuries the cathedral was regularly raided by vikings arriving from the western seaways. A visitor in the 11th century found only an abandoned site with St David's shrine lost amongst the undergrowth. It is known that in 1089 the shrine had been removed from the church and stripped of the precious metals which had adorned it. "privilege" from Pope Calixtus II. St Davids became a centre for pilgrimage. In 1131 he dedicated a new cathedral and in 1181 work on the Cathedral we see today was begun.
Latin Names of the Bishoprics in England
"Meneuensis": "St. David's"
Thursday, March 1st, 2007
All Singing and Dancing Word of the Day :
Take the opportunity to listen to the pronunciation of this one, so as not to be flummoxed the next time you see it. It's from Welsh, and it's our salute to Wales on their national day today, called "St. David's Day". An "Eisteddfod" is a festival and competition of singing and other artistic performance, occurring at different times of year but especially in Welsh schools today.
St Davids (walisisch: Tyddewi) ist eine kleine Stadt mit 1.800 Einwohnern an der Nordküste der St. Brides Bay im Westen der walisischen Grafschaft Pembrokeshire. St Davids ist die westlichste Stadt in Wales und die kleinste „City“ des Vereinigten Königreichs, was sie dem Umstand verdankt, dass sie eine Kathedrale beherbergt.
St Davids - und auch die Kathedrale - liegen im hügeligen Tal des Alun River. Die Stadt selbst beschränkt sich im Wesentlichen auf vier Straßen, die sich am mittelalterlichen Cross Square, dem Marktplatz der Stadt, treffen. Hinzu kommen einige winklige Gassen, und es gibt eine kleine Anzahl von Luxushotels im Stil alter Landgasthöfe.
Die Kathedrale von St Davids, Bischofskirche der Diözese Saint David’s gehört zur Kirche von Wales. Sie war im Mittelalter ein bedeutendes Pilgerzentrum. Der walisische Schutzpatron "St. David" (Dewi Sant; ca. 512-587) war Abt und einer der frühen Bischöfe im äußersten Westen in Zeiten, als dort keltische Mönche für die Verbreitung des Christentums sorgten. Er missionierte fast die gesamte Westküste und gründete zuletzt ein Kloster im Vallis Rosina (Glyn Rhosyn).
Saint David (Welsh: Dewi Sant, Latin: Davidus; c. 500 - c. 589) was a Welsh bishop of "Mynyw" (now "St Davids") during the 6th century; he was later regarded as a saint. He is the patron saint of Wales. David was a native of Wales, and a relatively large amount of information is known about his life. However, his birth date is uncertain: suggestions range from 462 to 512. He is traditionally believed to be the son of Saint Non and the grandson of Ceredig ap Cunedda, king of Ceredigion. The Welsh annals placed his death 569 years after the birth of Christ, but Phillimore's dating revised this to 601.
(E1)(L1) http://books.google.com/ngrams/graph?corpus=0&content=St Davids
Abfrage im Google-Corpus mit 15Mio. eingescannter Bücher von 1500 bis heute.
Engl. "St Davids" taucht in der Literatur um das Jahr 1730 auf.
(E?)(L?) http://www.wordmap.co/#St Davids
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