Etymologie, Etimología, Étymologie, Etimologia, Etymology
IT Italien, Italia, Italie, Italia, Italy
Metanalysis (Buchstabenaustausch), Metanalysis, Métanalyse, Metanalysis, Metanalysis
Angewandte Mathematik, Matemáticas aplicadas, Mathématiques appliquées, Matematica applicata, Applied mathematics
Geschichte der Mathematik, Historia de la matemática, Histoire des mathématiques, Storia della matematica, History of mathematics
Philosophie der Mathematik, Filosofía de la matemática, Philosophie des mathématiques, Filosofia della matematica, Philosophy of mathematics

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albicocca (W3)

Katal. "abercoc", dt. "Aprikose", span. "albaricoque", frz. "abricot", ital. "albicocca", ndl. "abrikoos", engl. "apricot", bot. "Prunus armeniaca", geht über ndl. "abrikoos", frz. "abricots" (Plur.), span. "albaricoque" zurück auf arab. "al-barquq", "al-barqûq" = dt. "die Pflaume". Die Araber sollen es jedoch ihrerseits aus spätgriech., spätlat. "praecoca" = dt. "Pfirsiche", mit der wörtlichen Bedeutung dt. "frühreife (Frucht)", frz. "fruit précoce", (lat. "praecoquus" = dt. "vor der Zeit reif") übernommen haben.

In den europäischen Sprachen wurde also der arabische Artikel "al" (metanalytisch) mit zum lateinischen Ausgangswort "praecoca" übernommen.

(E1)(L1) http://books.google.com/ngrams/graph?corpus=22&content=albicocca
Abfrage im Google-Corpus mit 15Mio. eingescannter Bücher von 1500 bis heute.

Ital. "albicocca" taucht in der Literatur um das Jahr 1780 auf.

Erstellt: 2019-07

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Metanalysis (W3)

Die Bezeichnung engl. "Metanalysis" wurde - nach Oxford English Dictionary - im Jahr 1914 von dem dänischen Linguisten Otto Jespersen geprägt. Er kombinierte das mit dt. "mit" verwandte griech. "meta" = dt. "inmitten", "zwischen", "hinter", "nach", "zwischen-", "mit-", "um-", "nach-" mit griech. "análysis" = dt. "Auflösung", "Zergliederung", zu griech. "analýein" = dt. "auflösen", zu griech. "lýein" = dt. "lösen".

Otto Jespersen bezeichnete damit das Auflösen von Wörtern in Verbindung mit einer Neukombination. So wurde z.B. aus dem ursprünglichen altengl. "an ekename" das heutige engl. "a nickname" - durch Lösen und Neuanschluß des "n". Ein niederländisches Beispiel ist "ein Onkel", der zu ndl. "nonkel" ("den onkel" - "de nonkel") wurde. Die dt. "Orange" heißt noch span. "naranja" (das "n" in dt., engl. etc wurde als zum Artikel gehörig interpretiert).

Für engl. "Metanalysis" findet man auch engl. "Rebracketing" und "Resegmentation". Auch engl. "false splitting" und "juncture loss" sind Bezeichnungen in diesem Umfeld - allerdings mit leicht unterschiedlicher Bedeutung.

Unter "Metathese" versteht man, wenn zwei Buchstaben in einem Wort ihre Position tauschen wie z.B. "Bronn" - "Born" oder altengl. "hros" - "horse".

(E?)(L?) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rebracketing

"Rebracketing" [frz. "Mécoupure", "coupure fautive", "métanalyse"] (also known as "resegmentation" or "metanalysis") is a process in historical linguistics where a word originally derived from one source is broken down or bracketed into a different set of factors. It is a form of "folk etymology", where the new factors may appear meaningful (e.g. "hamburger" taken to mean a "burger with ham"), or may seem to be the result of valid morphological processes.

"Rebracketing" often focuses on highly probable word boundaries: "a noodle" might become "an oodle", since "an oodle" sounds just as grammatically correct as "a noodle", and likewise "an eagle" might become "a neagle", but "the bowl" would not become "th ebowl" and "a kite" would not become "ak ite".

Technically, "bracketing" is the process of breaking an utterance into its constituent parts. The term is akin to parsing for larger sentences, but it is normally restricted to morphological processes at the sublexical level, i.e. within the particular word or lexeme. For example, the word "uneventful" is conventionally bracketed as [un+[event+ful]], and the bracketing [[un+event]+ful] leads to completely different semantics. "Re-bracketing" is the process of seeing the same word as a different morphological decomposition, especially where the new etymology becomes the conventional norm. The name "false splitting", also called "misdivision", in particular is often reserved for the case where two words mix but still remain two words (as in the "noodle" and "eagle" examples above).

The name "juncture loss" may be specially deployed to refer to the case of an article and a noun fusing (such as if "the jar" were to become "(the) thejar" or "an apple" were to become "(an) anapple"). Loss of juncture is especially common in the cases of loanwords and loan phrases in which the recipient language's speakers at the time of the word's introduction did not realize an article to be already present (e.g. numerous Arabic-derived words beginning "al-" ("the"), including "algorithm", "alcohol", "alchemy", etc.). Especially in the case of loan phrases, "juncture loss" may be recognized as substandard even when widespread (e.g. "the hoi polloi", where Greek "hoi" = "the", and "the Magna Carta", in which no article is necessary because "magna carta" is borrowed rather than calqued, Latin's lack of articles makes the original term either implicitly definite or indeterminate with respect to definiteness [in this context, the former], and the English phrase's proper-noun status renders unnecessary any further determination through the use of an article).

As a statistical change within a language within any century, "rebracketing" is a very weak statistical phenomenon. Even during phonetic template shifts, it is at best only probable that 0.1% of the vocabulary may be rebracketed in any given century.

"Rebracketing" is part of the process of language change, and often operates together with sound changes that facilitate the new etymology.

"Rebracketing" is sometimes used for jocular purposes, for example "psychotherapist" can be rebracketed jocularly as "Psycho the rapist", and "together in trouble" can be rebracketed jocularly as "to get her in trouble".
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(E1)(L1) http://books.google.com/ngrams/graph?corpus=0&content=Metanalysis
Abfrage im Google-Corpus mit 15Mio. eingescannter Bücher von 1500 bis heute.

Engl. "Metanalysis" taucht in der Literatur um das Jahr 1920 auf.

Erstellt: 2019-07

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