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*bher-

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archive.org
*bher-(1)

(E?)(L?) http://web.archive.org/web/20080726143746/http://www.bartleby.com/61/IEroots.html

ENTRY: "*bher-(1)"

DEFINITION: "To carry"; also "to bear children".

Derivatives include "birth", "fertile", "suffer", "furtive", and "metaphor".

1a. (i)

"bear" (1), from Old English "beran", "to carry";

1a. (ii)

"forbear" (1), from Old English "forberan", "to bear", "endure" ("for-", "for-"; see "per" (1)). Both (i) and (ii) from Germanic "*beran";

1b.

"bier", from Old English "ber", "bær", "bier", and Old French "biere" "bier", both from Germanic "*bero";

1c.

"bore" (3), from Old Norse "bara", "wave", "billow", from Germanic "*ber-".

2a.

"bairn", from Old English "bearn", "child", from Germanic "*barnam";

2b.

"barrow" (1), from Old English "bearwe", "basket", "wheelbarrow", from Germanic "*barwon-".

3a.

"burly", from Old English "*borlic", "excellent", "exalted" ("borne up"), from Germanic "*bur-";

3b.

"burden" (1), from Old English "byrthen", "burden", from Germanic "*burthinja-";

3c.

"birth", from a source akin to Old Norse "burdhr", "birth", from Germanic "*burthiz";

3d.

"birr" (1), from Old Norse "byrr", "favorable wind", perhaps from Germanic "*burja-".

4.

Compound root "*bhrenk-", "to bring" ("*bher-" + "*enk-", "to reach"; see "nek-" (2)). "bring", from Old English "bringan", "to bring", from Germanic "*brengan".

5.

"-fer", "fertile"; "afferent", "circumference", "confer", "defer" (1), "defer" (2), "differ", "efferent", "infer", "offer", "prefer", "proffer", "refer", "suffer", "transfer", "vociferate", from Latin "ferre", "to carry".

6.

Prefixed and suffixed zero-grade form "*pro-bhr-o-", "something brought before one" ("*pro-", "before"; see "per" (1)). "opprobrium", from Latin "probrum", "a reproach".

7.

Possibly suffixed zero-grade form "*bhr-tu-" in Latin words having to do with "chance" ("?" "a bringing", "that which is brought").

7a.

"fortuitous", from Latin "fortuitus", "happening by chance";

7b.

"Fortuna", "fortune", from Latin "fortuna", "chance", "good luck", "fortune", and "Fortuna", "goddess of good fortune".

8.

Probably lengthened o-grade form "*bhor-". "ferret" (1), "furtive", "furuncle"; "furunculosis", from Latin "fur", "thief".

9.

"feretory", "-phore", "-phoresis", "-phorous"; "amphora", "anaphora", "diaphoresis", "euphoria", "metaphor", "periphery", "pheromone", "telpher", "tocopherol", from Greek "pherein", "to carry", with o-grade noun "phoros", "a carrying".

10.

"paraphernalia", from Greek "pherne", "dowry" ("something brought by a bride").

11.

"sambal", from Sanskrit "bharati", "he carries", "he brings". (Pokorny 1. "bher-" 128.)


Erstellt: 2014-10

archive.org
*bher-(2)

(E?)(L?) http://web.archive.org/web/20080726143746/http://www.bartleby.com/61/IEroots.html

ENTRY: "*bher-" (2)

DEFINITION: Bright, brown.

1.

Suffixed variant form "*bhru-no-".

1a.

"brown", from Old English "brun", "brown";

1b.

"bruin", from Middle Dutch "bruun";

1c.

"brunet", "burnet", "burnish", from Old French "brun", "shining", "brown".

1a. - 1c.: all from Germanic "*brunaz".

2.

Reduplicated form "*bhibhru-", "*bhebhru-", "the brown animal", "beaver". "beaver" (1), from Old English "befor", "beofor", "beaver", from Germanic "*bebruz".

3.

"bear" (2), from Old English "bera", "bear", from Germanic "*bero", "the brown animal", "bear".

4.

"berserker", from Old Norse "björn", "bear", from Germanic "*bernuz". (Pokorny 5. "bher-" 136.)


Erstellt: 2014-10

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etymonline.com
*bher- (W3)

(E?)(L?) https://www.etymonline.com/word/*bher-

"*bher-" (1)

Proto-Indo-European root meaning "to carry", also "to bear children".

It forms all or part of: "Aberdeen"; "amphora"; "anaphora"; "aquifer"; "auriferous"; "bairn"; "barrow" (n.1) "frame for carrying a load"; "bear" (v.); "bearing"; "Berenice"; "bier"; "birth"; "bring"; "burden" (n.1) "a load"; "carboniferous"; "Christopher"; "chromatophore"; "circumference"; "confer"; "conference"; "conifer"; "cumber"; "cumbersome"; "defer" (v.2) "yield"; "differ"; "difference"; "differentiate"; "efferent"; "esophagus"; "euphoria"; "ferret"; "fertile"; "Foraminifera"; "forbear" (v.); "fossiliferous"; "furtive"; "indifferent"; "infer"; "Inverness"; "Lucifer"; "metaphor"; "odoriferous"; "offer"; "opprobrium"; "overbear"; "paraphernalia"; "periphery"; "pestiferous"; "pheromone"; "phoresy"; "phosphorus"; "Porifera"; "prefer"; "proffer"; "proliferation"; "pyrophoric"; "refer"; "reference"; "semaphore"; "somniferous"; "splendiferous"; "suffer"; "transfer"; "vociferate"; "vociferous".

It is the hypothetical source of / evidence for its existence is provided by: Sanskrit "bharati" "he carries", "he brings", "bhrtih" "a bringing", "a maintenance"; Avestan "baraiti" "carries"; Old Persian "barantiy" "they carry"; Armenian "berem" "I carry"; Greek "pherein" "to carry", "pherne" "dowry"; Latin "ferre" "to bear", "to carry", "fors" (genitive "fortis") "chance", "luck", perhaps "fur" "a thief"; Old Irish "beru" / "berim" "I catch", "I bring forth", "beirid" "to carry"; Old Welsh "beryt" "to flow"; Gothic "bairan" "to carry"; Old English and Old High German "beran", Old Norse "bera" "barrow"; Old Church Slavonic "birati" "to take"; Russian "brat'" "to take", "bremya" "a burden", "beremennaya" "pregnant".

"*bher-" (2)

Proto-Indo-European root meaning "bright"; "brown" (the sense connection might involve polished wooden objects).

It forms all or part of: "Barnard"; "bear" (n.) "large carnivorous or omnivorous mammal of the family Ursidae"; "beaver" (n.1) "large amphibious quadruped rodent of the genus Castor"; "berserk"; "brown"; "Bruin"; "brunet"; "brunette"; "burnish".

It is the hypothetical source of / evidence for its existence is provided by: Old English "brun" "dark", "dusky"; Lithuanian "beras" "brown"; Greek "phrynos" "toad", literally "the brown animal".

Related Entries

"aberdeen" | "ablative" | "amphora" | "anaphora" | "aquifer" | "auriferous" | "bairn" | "barnard" | "barrow" | "bear" | "bearing" | "beaver" | "berenice" | "berserk" | "bier" | "birth" | "bring" | "brown" | "bruin" | "brunet" | "brunette" | "burden" | "burnish" | "carboniferous" | "christopher" | "chromatophore" | "circumference" | "collate" | "confer" | "conference" | "conifer" | "cumber" | "cumbersome" | "defer" | "differ" | "difference" | "differentiate" | "efferent" | "elation" | "esophagus" | "euphoria" | "ferret" | "fertile" | "foraminifera" | "forbear" | "fortune" | "fossiliferous" | "furtive" | "indifferent" | "infer" | "inverness" | "legislator" | "lucifer" | "metaphor" | "odoriferous" | "offer" | "opprobrious" | "opprobrium" | "overbear" | "paedophryne" | "paraphernalia" | "periphery" | "pestiferous" | "pheromone" | "phoresy" | "phosphorus" | "porifera" | "prefer" | "proffer" | "proliferation" | "pyrophoric" | "refer" | "reference" | "rotifera" | "semaphore" | "somniferous" | "splendiferous" | "suffer" | "transfer" | "vociferate" | "vociferous"


Erstellt: 2018-05

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koeblergerhard.de
*bher-

(E1)(L1) http://www.koeblergerhard.de/idg/4A/idg.html




Erstellt: 2017-07

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