Etymologie, Etimología, Étymologie, Etimologia, Etymology, (griech.) etymología, (lat.) etymologia, (esper.) etimologio
@_ Welt, Mundo, Monde, Mondo, World, (lat.) orbis (terrae), (esper.) mondo
Zahlen, Número, Nombre, Numero, Number, (esper.) nombroj, nombroteorio
, lat. "duodeviginti"
Zahl 00018 in Alltag und Sprache
18 holes on a golf course (W3)
Why are there "18 holes on a golf course"?
It all started with The Old Course at St. Andrews in St. Andrews, Scotland. The Old Course was made up of 22 holes until 1764, when golfers came to the unanimous decision to combine the first 4 short holes into 2. Thus, they created an 18-hole round. Also, it’s easier to take care of 18 holes than 22!
Why are there 18 holes in a game of golf?
Why Are There 18 Holes On a Golf Course?
Although the basic rules of the game were set up early (even Shakespeare described golf), there was a time when different courses had all kinds of different holes. Of course, that shouldn't come as much of a surprise for a game which dates to the 1500s.
The big change came in 1764, when the venerable Old Course at St. Andrews cut their "12" holes down to "10", and began playing "eight of those holes twice". "Eighteen it was", and in 1857, a full 18 hole course was finally laid out for good.
Why do full-length golf courses have 18 holes, and not 20, or 10 or an even dozen?
During a discussion among the club’s membership board at St. Andrews in 1858, one of the members pointed out that it takes exactly 18 shots to polish off a fifth of Scotch. By limiting himself to only one shot of Scotch per hole, the Scot figured a round of golf was finished when the Scotch ran out.
Although this bit of lore about soused Scots limiting themselves to one slurp at the flask per hole has its charm, it does not have history on its side. The number of holes comprising a standard golf course was not determined by the amount of Scotch in a bottle.
Games similar to golf have been around since Roman times, and golf was being played at Scotland’s famed Old Course at St. Andrews, the oldest extant golf course in the world, at least as far back at 1552. (Early Scottish versions of the game were called "golf" even though the game itself was not at that time all it would finally become.) However, golf wasn’t always as regulated as it is now: Prior to standardization, early courses typically had any number of holes from five to twenty-four, and only over a long period of time did the game evolve to the point that eighteen became the standard number of holes for courses all over the world.
But couldn’t that number still be tied to a hip flask, you say? Not unless the bottle shrank. Originally, the Old Course at St. Andrews had only 12 holes, 10 of which were played over the same set of fairways both out and back, for a grand total of 22 holes per round. (That is, two of the holes were played once per round, while the other ten holes were each played twice per round, for a total of 22 holes per round.)
In 1764, the Old Course’s first four holes were combined into two holes, and from then on a round of golf at St. Andrews consisted of playing the now-standard total of 18 holes.
Why Are There 18 Holes In Golf?
The Rules of Golf
Why we play eighteen holes today
In 1764, The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews reduced the number of holes to eighteen. This later became a standard because the Royal and Ancient Golf Club gradually became a leading authority in the game. Dare I ask if we have fully understood the intention or message that is involved in the R&A’s decision from 1764? The minutes from this significant meeting are as follows:
"St. Andrews 4th October 1764.
The captain and gentlemen golfers, are of (the) opinion, that it would be for the improvement of the links, that the four first holes should be converted into two. They therefore have agreed that for the future, they shall be played as two holes, in the same way as presently marked out.
Wm. St Claire (William St. Claire, Club Captain)"
(E1)(L1) http://books.google.com/ngrams/graph?corpus=0&content=18 holes on a golf course
Abfrage im Google-Corpus mit 15Mio. eingescannter Bücher von 1500 bis heute.
Engl. "18 holes on a golf course" taucht in der Literatur nicht signifikant auf.
"Exabyte" bezeichnet 2**60 (= 1,152,921,504,606,846,976) Bytes, was etwa 10**18 = 1,000,000,000,000,000,000 Bytes sind.
Abfrage im Google-Corpus mit 15Mio. eingescannter Bücher von 1500 bis heute.
Engl. "exabyte" taucht in der Literatur um das Jahr 1980 auf.
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